This course aims at providing the required skill to apply enable the students to learn the type of components in which organic reactions takes place and also known to the preparation of the organic compounds. Tto impart knowledge in the field of electro chemistry, chemical equilibrium and thermochemistry.
Introduction and Unique Characteristic of Carbon - General introduction to organic and inorganic compounds, Unique characteristics of carbon.Hybridisation of carbon in organic compounds-Hybridization of carbon in organic compounds i.e., sp3, sp2 and sp.Classification of organic compounds -Classification of organic compounds, Classification of carbon compounds on the basis of functional group,Homologous series.Classification of organic compounds - Classification of organic compounds,Classification of carbon compounds on the basis of functional group, Homologous series.IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds - IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds, Salient features of the IUPAC system of nomenclature, Rules for numbering carbon atoms, Isomerism, Structural isomerism,Structural isomerism.Alkanes – Alkanes. Alkenes – Alkenes, Preparation of ethene or ethylene, Properties of ethylene, Uses of ethylene.Alkynes – Alkynes, Preparation of acetylene, Properties of acetylene, Uses of acetylene.
Ethyl chloride-Ethyl chloride,Properties and uses of ethyl chloride.Chloroform –Chloroform, Properties and uses of ethyl chloride, Properties of Chloroform.Alcohols – Alcohols, Preparation methods of ethyl alcohol.Properties of Ethyl alcohol - Properties of Ethyl alcohol.Aldehydes- Aldehydes,Preparation of acetaldehyde, Use of Aldehyde. Ketones – Ketones, Preparation of acetone, Properties of acetone, Uses of acetone.Carboxylic acids - Carboxylic acids, Preparation of acetic acid, Properties of acetic acid, Uses of acetic acid.Ethers– Ethers, Preparation of diethyl ether, Properties and uses of diethyl ether, Uses of ether.Polymerization- Polymerization, Addition polymerization, Condensation polymerization.
Aromaticity, Huckel's rule - Aromatic compounds, Aromaticity and Huckel rule,Application of Huckel's rule.Nomenclature of aromatic compounds - Nomenclature of aromatic compounds, Special nomenclature.Benzene – Benzene, Properties and uses of benzene.Nitrobenzene: preparation, properties and uses - Preparation of nitrobenzene.Aniline: preparation, properties and uses - Preparation of aniline.Phenol – Phenol,Properties of phenols, Chemical properties of phenols.
Introduction to electro chemistry - What is electro chemistry?, Types of conductors, Types of electrolytes.Arrhenius theory of electrolytic dissociation - Arrhenius theory of electrolytic dissociation. Electrolysis - Electrolytes, Electrolysis, Electrolytic cell, Electrolysis of aqueous solution of NaCl.Faraday's laws of electrolysis - Faraday's laws, Faraday's first law of electrolysis, Faraday's second law of electrolysis, Relationship between chemical equivalent and electro chemical equivalent. Numerical problems based on faraday's law of electrolysis - Problem 1 , Problem 2,Problem 3, Problem 4, Problem 5, Problem 6, Problem 7,Problem 8,Problem 9,Problem 10,Problem 11,Problem 12.Industrial applications of electrolysis - Industrial applications of electrolysis.
Types of chemical reaction- Types of chemical reactions, Types of chemical equilibria.Law of mass action and derivation for Equilibrium constant - Experimental proof of chemical equilibrium. Derivation for KP for some reversible reactions and relation between KP and KC - Derivation for pressure equilibrium constant KP and KC. Derivation for pressure equilibrium constant KP - Effect of factors on chemical equilibrium,Lechateliers' principle. Applications of leachatlier principles - Manufacture of NH3 by Haber's process, Formation of SO3 in contact process.
Speed control of D.C. shunt motor -First law of thermodynamics, Enthalpy, Exothermic reaction, Endothermic reaction. Energy and its types – Energy, Thermochemical reaction, Work done.Temperature and heat – Temperature, Heat, Factors affecting the heat of the reaction. State function and internal energy - System and surroundings, Internal energy,State function. Heat of formation - Heat of formation, Calculation of heat of formation (FOR REFERENCE ONLY).Heat of combustion - Heat of combustion, Calculation of heat of combustion (FOR REFERENCE ONLY).Heat of neutralization - Heat of neutralization, Calculation of heat of neutralization. Heat of solution - Heat of solution, Calculation of heat of solution.