Engineering Chemistry and Environmental Studies

Product: Theory Subject
Categories: Diploma
Department: Common Subjects

Features Includes:

  • 207 - 3D/2D Animation
  • 765 Pages of Content
  • 90 Lecture Hours
  • 24 Solved Problems
  • 327 Quiz
  • Suitable for All Technical University Syllabus

Course Description

This course will provide adequate information about the Fundamentals of chemistry , solutions, acids and bases. It will impart knowledge to principles of metallurgy. To acquaint the student with concepts of electrochemistry , corrosion, fules and environmental studies.


  • To develop an Understanding of the concepts of fundamental particles of an atom, chemical bonding and oxidation-reduction
  • Study the types of solutions and solving the problems based on mole, molarity and normality
  • To impart knowledge of the theories and buffer solutions and its applications of acids and bases and to solve the numerical problems based on pH.
  • To enrich Understandinf of the concepts of electro chemistry and Arrhenius theory of electrolytic dissociation, Faradays law of electrolysis, standard electrode potentials, types of cells and their differences, emf cell and numerical problems
  • The students will have knowledge on the temporary and permanent hardness, methods of softening hard water, essential qualities of drinking water, water treatment for drinking purpose, osmosis and reverse osmosis
  • Understand the concepts and methods of polymerization, properties of plastics and natural rubber, vulcanization, elastomer and preparation and uses of plastics and synthetic rubber.
  • Study the classification and characteristics of fuel, extraction and refining of petroleum, composition and uses of gaseous fuels
  • Make the student to gain the knowledge on the importance of environment, the causes and control of various kinds of pollution, sources and types of energy, various groups of the ecosystem and their threats

Fundamental particles of an atom - What is an Atom? - The fundamental particles - Atomic number(Z) and mass number(A) - Atomic structure. Quantum Numbers - Quantum Number - Principle quantum number(n) - Azimuthal quantum number(l) - Magnetic quantum number(m) - Spin quantum number(s) - Permitted values of quantum numbers. Fundamental rules for electronic configuration - Fundamental rules for electronic configuration - Orbit and orbital - The electronic configuration of elements up to atomic number 30. Chemical bonding - Chemical bonding - Types of bonds. Ionic bonding or electrovalent bonding - Ionic bond or electrovalent bond - Characteristics of ionic compounds. Covalent bonding Coordinate or dative covalent bonding - Covalent Bonding - Lewis dot model or Electron dot model - Characteristics of covalent compounds - Structures of ionic solids - Structures of unit cells of NaCl and CsCl - Types of covalent bond - Coordinate covalent or dative covalent bonding. Metallic bond with electron sea model theory - Properties of metals - Metallic bond with electron sea model. Oxidation, reduction and oxidation number - Oxidation and reduction - Oxidising agent and reducing agent - Oxidation number and its calculations - Difference between oxidation state and valency.


Solution and classify solutions based on physical state and solubility–Types of mixtures - Solution - Types of solutions - Solubility. Mole concept - Mole concept – Problems. Atomic weight, Molecular weight, Equivalent weight - Atomic weight, Molecular weight, Equivalent weight - Equivalent weight of acids - Equivalent weight of bases - Equivalent weight of salts. Molarityand molality- Methods of expressing the concentration of a solution – Molarity - Calculation of molarity - Other relationships involving molarity - Calculation of weight of solute - Dilution law - Principle for neutralisation reactions. Normality – Normality - Problems on normality - Calculation of weight of solute - Principle of neutralization reactions - Dilution law - Relation between molarity and normality. Numerical problems on mole, molarity and normality - Numerical problems on mole - Numerical problems on molarity - Numerical problems on normality.


Introduction to acids – Acids - Strength of acids. Bases and Arrhenius concept – Bases - Classification of bases - Arrhenius concept and neutralization. Bronsted – Lowry and Lewis theory of acids and bases - Bronsted – Lowry concept - Strength of acid and base - Lewis theory - Ionic product of water (Kw). pH scale and numerical problems on pH - pH and Sorenson scale - Problems on pH - pH concept. Buffer solutions - Buffer solutions - Types of buffers - Characteristics and applications of buffer solutions.


Characteristics of metals – Metallurgy – Metals - Characteristics of metals - Distinction between metals and non – metals. Occurrence of metals and terms related to metallurgy - Mineral and Ore - Gangue (Matrix) – Flux – Slag. Methods of concentration of ore - Extraction of metal from ore - Concentration of Ore (Ore dressing). Methods involved in extraction of crude metal - Extracting of crude metal – Smelting. Purification of metals by electro refining and alloys - Purification of metals – Alloys.


Introduction to Electrochemistry- What is Electrochemistry? - Types of Conductors - Types of Electrolytes. Arrhenius theory of electrolytic dissociation - Nature of electrolytes - Arrhenius Theory of Electrolytic Dissociation. Electrolysis by taking example fused NaCl – Electrolytes – Electrolysis - Electrolytic cell - Electrolysis of fused(molten) NaCl. Faraday's laws of electrolysis - Faraday's laws - Faraday's first law of electrolysis - Faraday's second law of electrolysis - Relationship between chemical equivalent and electro chemical equivalent. Numerical problems based on faraday's laws of electrolysis - Problem 1 - Problem 2 - Problem 3 - Problem 4 - Problem 5 - Problem 6 - Problem 7. Galvanic cell - Differences between Electrolytic cell and Galvanic Cell - Representation of Galvanic cell or Cell notation - Anode half-cell and cathode half-cell - Salt bridge representation. Standard electrode potential - Oxidation and Reduction - Standard electrode potential. Electrochemical series and its significance - Electrochemical series - Applications of Electrochemical series. EMF of a cell and its problems - Electromotive Force - Calculation of EMF of cell - Calculate EMF of galvanic cell - Problems on EMF of cell.


Corrosion - Introduction to corrosion - Causes of corrosion. Factors influencing the rate of corrosion - Factors influencing the rate of corrosion - Nature of environment. Electrochemical theory of corrosion - Electrochemical theory of corrosion - Electrochemical corrosion - Hydrogen evolution type corrosion - Adsorption oxygen (or) hydroxide ion type corrosion. Types of electrochemical cells - Types of electrochemical cells - Galvanic cell (Composition cell) - Concentration cell - Stress cell. Rusting of iron - Rusting of iron - Mechanism of rusting iron. Protective coating - Protective coating - Metallic coatings - Differences between anodic coating and cathodic coating - Inorganic coatings - Organic coatings - Types of organic coating. Cathodic protection - Definition of cathodic protection - Sacrificial anodic method - Advantages of sacrificial anodic protection method - Impressed current cathodic protection method (or) impressed voltage process - Corrosion control.


Soft water and hard water –Water - Nature of water - Differences between Hard Water and Soft Water. Various types of hardness of water - Types of hardness - Disadvantages of hard water. Degree of hardness and its units - Units of hardness - Calculation of CaCO3 equivalents(Degree of hardness). Methods of softening of hard water - Softening methods of hard water - Ion-Exchange resin (or) deionization (or) demineralization process. Osmosis and reverse osmosis - Osmosis and reverse osmosis - Advantages of reverse osmosis. Municipal treatment of water and essential qualities of drinking water - Method of municipal water treatment - Essential qualities of drinking water.


Polymerisation and its types-Polymers and types of polymers - Polymerisation and its types - Addition polymerisation. Condensation polymerisation - Condensation polymerisation - Comparison between addition and condensation polymerisation. Plastics - Plastics and its classification - Comparison of thermoplastics and thermosetting plastics. Properties of plastics - Properties of plastics - Advantages and disadvantages of plastics. Preparation and uses of polyethylene and PVC - Preparation and uses of polyethylene - Preparation and uses of polyvinyl chloride. Preparation and uses of polystyrene, urea formaldehyde, Teflon - Preparation and uses of polystyrene - Preparation and uses of urea formaldehyde - Preparation and uses of Teflon. Natural rubber - Rubber and its types - Sources and structure of rubber. Processing of natural rubber from latex - Processing of natural rubber from latex - Flow chart of isolation of natural rubber from latex - Characteristics of natural rubber - Draw backs of natural rubber. Process of vulcanization - Vulcanization and its process - Effect of vulcanization on rubber molecules - Properties of vulcanized rubber. Characteristics of vulcanized rubber - Characteristics of natural and vulcanized rubber - Comparison of raw rubber with vulcanized rubber. Elastomer and preparation and uses of Buna-s rubber - Elastomers and its types - Preparation of Buna-S rubber - Properties and Uses of Buna-S rubber. Preparation and uses of Neoprene and Butyl rubber - Preparation of neoprene rubber - Uses of neoprene rubber - Preparation and uses of Butyl rubber.


Fuel and characteristics of good fuel - Introduction to fuels - Terms related to fuels - Definition of fuels - Classification of fuels - Energy consumption of fuel - Characteristics of good fuel. Gaseous fuels - Gaseous fuels - Natural gas - Uses of natural gas - Producer gas - Uses of producer gas. Composition and uses of Water gas and coal gas - Water gas - Uses of water gas - Coal gas - Uses of Coal gas. Composition and uses of Bio gas and acetylene gas - Bio gas - Composition of bio gas - Benefits of bio gas - Acetylene gas - Uses of Acetylene gas.


Introduction to environmental studies – Introduction - Environmental studies - Types of environment - Scope and importance of environmental studies. Segments of environment and the terms related to environment - Segments of environment - Terms related to environment. Renewable and Non-Renewable energy resources - Energy resources - Classification of energy resources - Renewable energy resources - Solar energy - Wind energy - Ocean energy - Geothermal Energy - Bio Mass energy - Non-Renewable energy sources - Nuclear Energy. Ecosystem – Ecosystem. Producer, consumer and decomposer - Producer, consumer and decomposer. Biodiversity – Biodiversity - Value of biodiversity - Threats to biodiversity. Air pollution - Air pollution - Sources of air pollution. Classification of air pollutant - Classification of air pollutant. Causes of air pollution - Causes of air pollution. Effects of air pollution on human beings, animals and plants - Effects of air pollution on human beings, animals and plants - Effects of air pollution on animals - Effects of air pollution on other materials. Forest resources - Forest resources - Uses of forests - Over exploitation of forest resources – Deforestation - Effects of deforestation. Greenhouse effect - Greenhouse effect - Global warming - Ozone layer depletion - Acid rain. Methods of control of air pollution - Methods of control of air pollution. Causes of water pollution - Causes of water pollution. Effects of water pollution on living organisms - Effects of water pollution on living organisms. Methods of control of water pollution - Methods of control of water pollution.